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Description

API 5L Pipes For Pipelines Explained
Table of Contents
API 5L SPECIFICATION
API 5L PIPE CHEMICAL AND MECHANICAL PROPERTIES
API 5L PIPE SCHEDULE CHART
API 5L MONOGRAM
HOW TO ORDER
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With this article, you learn about API 5L pipes. The API 5L specification covers seamless and welded pipes to convey oil, gas, water in the natural oil & gas and petrochemical industries. API 5L line pipes are available in multiple carbon steel grades, designated as Grade B, X42, X46, X52, X56, X60, X70, X80 and in PSL1 or PSL2 specification levels.
API 5L SPECIFICATION
The API 5L steel pipe specification covers pipes to conveying oil, gas, water in the petroleum, gas and water distribution industries. The API 5L specification latest edition can be read on the API website directly.



API 5L Pipes Tenaris
API 5L pipes may be classified according to the following criteria:
execution: seamless or welded (seamless pipes may be used up to 24 inches, LSAW above 24 inches, ERW up to 20 inches)
specification level (API PSL1, PSL2): PSL1 is a standard quality used for pipelines, whereas PSL2 sets more stringent chemical, mechanical properties, and testing requirements
surface finish: black, varnish painted, anti-rust oil, galvanized, coated externally (3PL) and/or lined internally
ends types: plain, beveled, threaded ends
The main advantages of API 5L pipe are:
Resistance to cracking forces that may propagate in long pipelines
Sour service suitability
Rather inexpensive and long service life (at least grades B, X42)
Size Range
API 5L pipes are available in dimensions between from 2 to 28″ (seamless execution) and up to 80″ in welded execution (generally, LSAW i.e. longitudinal submerged arc welding).
The API 5L and ASME B36.10 pipe dimensions and weights are, in fact, identical.
API 5L PIPE CHEMICAL AND MECHANICAL PROPERTIES
The yield strength of an API 5L pipe is specified with the number that follows the X in the material grade designation (in kilopounds per square inch – i.e. KSI). So, for instance, an API 5L X52 pipe has a minimum yield strength of 52 KSI.
The table shows the chemical composition of API 5L steel pipes PSL1 and PSL2 from Grade A to Grade X70, as well as their mechanical properties.
Source: API 5L specification
API 5L PIPE PSL1 Chemical and Mechanical Properties

API 5L PIPE PSL1

Chemical Composition

Mechanical Property

C (Max)

Mn (Max)

P (Max)

S (Max)

TENSILE ( Min )

YIELD ( Min )

Psi X 1000

Mpa

Psi X 1000

Mpa

Grade A25

CL I

0.21

0.60

0.030

0.030

45

310

25

172

CL II

0.21

0.60

0.030

0.030

Grade A

0.22

0.90

0.030

0.030

48

331

30

207

Grade B

0.26

1.20

0.030

0.030

60

414

35

241

Grade X42

0.26

1.30

0.030

0.030

60

414

42

290

Grade X46

0.26

1.40

0.030

0.030

63

434

46

317

Grade X52

0.26

1.40

0.030

0.030

66

455

52

359

Grade X56

0.26

1.40

0.030

0.030

71

490

56

386

Grade X60

0.26

1.40

0.030

0.030

75

517

60

414

Grade X65

0.26

1.45

0.030

0.030

77

531

65

448

Grade X70

0.26

1.65

0.030

0.030

82

565

70

483

API 5L PIPE PSL2 Chemical and Mechanical Properties

API 5L PIPE
PSL2

Chemical Composition

Mechanical Property

C
(Max)

Mn
(Max)

P
(Max)

S
(Max)

Tensile

Yield

C. E. IMPACT ENERGY

Psi x 1000

Mpa

Psi x 1000

Mpa

PCM

IIW

J

FT/LB

Grade B

0.22

1.20

0.025

0.015

60 – 110

414 – 758

35 – 65

241 – 448

0.25

0.43

T/L 27/41

T/L 20/30

Grade X42

0.22

1.30

0.025

0.015

60 – 110

414 – 758

42 – 72

290 – 496

0.25

0.43

T/L 27/41

T/L 20/30

Grade X46

0.22

1.40

0.025

0.015

63 – 110

434 – 758

46 – 76

317 – 524

0.25

0.43

T/L 27/41

T/L 20/30

Grade X52

0.22

1.40

0.025

0.015

66 – 110

455 – 758

52 – 77

359 – 531

0.25

0.43

T/L 27/41

T/L 20/30

Grade X56

0.22

1.40

0.025

0.015

71 – 110

490 – 758

56 – 79

386 – 544

0.25

0.43

T/L 27/41

T/L 20/30

Grade X60

0.22

1.40

0.025

0.015

75 – 110

517 – 758

60 – 82

414 – 565

0.25

0.43

T/L 27/41

T/L 20/30

Grade X65

0.22

1.45

0.025

0.015

77 – 110

531 – 758

65 – 82

448 – 565

0.25

0.43

T/L 27/41

T/L 20/30

Grade X70

0.22

1.65

0.025

0.015

82 – 110

565 – 758

70 – 82

483 – 565

0.25

0.43

T/L 27/41

T/L 20/30

Grade X80

0.22

1.90

0.025

0.015

90 – 120

621 – 827

80 – 102

552 – 705

0.25

0.43

T/L 27/41

T/L 20/30

API 5L Equivalent Grades (ASTM, EN, DIN)
Material grades A53 Gr. B and A106 Gr. B, and also API 5L Gr. X42, are API 5L Gr. B equivalent. It is actually quite common to find on the market pipes that comply, at the same time, with all these specifications ("quadri-norm" marked pipes). While this is true in terms of chemical and mechanical properties, note that the API 5L specification sets more severe requirements and tests than those set for the two equivalent ASTM specifications.
In terms of comparison with EN pipe standards, API 5L Gr. B equivalents are EN 10216-1 P265GH (seamless) and EN 10217-1 P265 (welded) – whereas EN 10216-2 P265 GH is the EN equivalent grade for ASTM A106 Gr. B pipes.
Line Pipe Materials: Werkstoff vs EN vs API
Werkstoff/DIN EN API
1.0486  StE 285 API 5L Grade X42
1.0562  StE 355 P355N API 5L Grade X52
1.8902  StE 420 P420N API 5L Grade X60
1.8905  StE 460 P460N API 5L Grade X70
High Yield Steel Pipes
1.0457  StE 240.7 L245NB API 5L Grade B
1.0484  StE 290.7 L290NB API 5L Grade X42
1.0582  StE 360.7 L360NB API 5L Grade X52
1.8972 StE 415.7 L415NB API 5L Grade X60
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